Bruno Carmassi, Italian bass, during May, aged 81. He sang supporting roles at La Scala and other leading Italian houses during the 1920s and 1930s and leading roles in the Italian provinces in the post-war period. He appeared at

Covent Garden in 1931 as Sparafucile, Simone in Gianni Schicchi, Angelotti and Dr Grenville.

Julius Huehn, American bass-baritone, in Rochester N.J., on June 8, aged 61. He was born in Melrose, Mass., and studied in Pittsburgh and at the Juilliard School. He joined the Metropolitan Opera, New York in 1935, remaining a member of the company until the end of the 1945-6 season. He also sang with the Chicago, San Francisco and other American companies. His repertory included the Herald in Lohengrin, Kothner, Donner, Wotan, Wolfram, Telramund, Gunther, Jochanaan, Amfortas, Prince Igor, Kecal, Orestes, Faninal and Escamillo.

Giorgio Laitskoi, Italian bass, during May, aged 80. His career was spent mostly in Italy and South America during the inter-war years. His repertory included Don Basilio, Mefistofele, Baron Ochs, King Mark and Lothario in Mignon.

Annon Lee Silver, British soprano, on July 28, aged 32. She was born in Nova Scotia, Canada. She came to England on a Beaverbrook scholarship to study at the Royal College of Music. After further studies, in Switzerland and Italy, she won the first Dame Maggie Teyte Prize in 1966. She went to Glyndeboume in 1963 to sing Amor in L'Incoronazione di Poppea and returned there in 1969 to sing Sophie in Werther and in 1970 to create Atalanta in Maw's The Rising of the Moon, a part she was to have repeated this summer. She sang Blonde in the Phoenix Opera production of Die Entfiihrung aus dem Serail in 1967 and with Glyndeboume Touring Opera in 1969. In 1968 she also sang Pamina with the latter company.

John Mundy, British conductor and orchestral manager, in Santa Margherita, on May 29, aged 85. He was born in London and studied at the Royal Academy of Music. From 1908 to 1915 he played the cello in various London orchestras, and in 1921 went to the United States as conductor of The Beggar's Opera. From 1923 to 1926 he was the manager of the Hinshaw Mozart Opera Company, and from 1944 until 1957 was orchestral manager at the Metropolitan Opera, New York. He was married to the soprano Clytie Hine, one of the principals of the Beecham Opera Company.